Remnants of Cumberland Plain Woodland are an important part of the landscape at the Australian Botanic Garden. Together with native grassland areas (where the trees were cleared during farming times) these natural and semi-natural lands, managed as conservation areas for the local flora and dependent fauna, provide the background setting for the thematic horticultural plantings and amenity areas.
Mammals include Wallaroos and Swamp Wallabies which are mostly seen at dawn and dusk. Reptiles include Bearded Dragon lizards and Red-bellied Black Snakes, which may be seen early on warm sunny days. There are frogs in the ponds which you will hear, but not generally see. Birds are the most conspicuous animals in the woodland.
Invertebrates are creatures that you will see, if you look carefully. Butterflies are common on warm summer days, moths are mostly nocturnal. Colourful beetles may be seen on the plants, along with flies, wasps, bees and ants. Cicadas may be heard high in the trees. Spider webs may cross your path. Other invertebrates include snails - including the Cumberland Land Snail - and worms.